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Specifications

Danger

Unless otherwise stated, all specifications apply after 30 minutes of instrument warm-up.

Danger

Changes in the specification parameters are explicitly mentioned in the revision history of this document.

Danger

Some specifications depend on the installed options. The options installed on a given instrument are listed in the Device tab of the LabOne user interface.

General Specifications

Table 1: General specifications
Parameter Description
Storage temperature +5°C to +65°C
Storage relative humidity < 95%, non-condensing
Operating environment IEC61010, indoor location, installation category II, pollution degree 2
Operating altitude up to 2000 meters
Operating temperature +5°C to +40°C
Operating relative humidity < 90%, non-condensing
Specification temperature +18°C to +28°C
Power consumption <40 W
DC power inlet 12 V, 2 A Connector: Switchcraft 760BK, ID 2.5 mm, OD 5.5 mm
Power supply AC line 100–240 V (±10%), 50/60 Hz
Line power fuse 250 V, 2 A, fast, 5 x 20 mm, F 2 A L 250 V
Dimensions including bumper 28.3 x 23.2 x 10.2 cm 11.1 x 9.1 x 4.0 inch Rack mount on request
Weight including bumper 3.8 kg
Recommended calibration interval 2 years (see sticker on back panel)
Warranty 1 year, extensible
Table 2: Demodulators
Parameter Description
Frequency range DC to 500 kHz
DC to 5 MHz, requires MF-F5M option
Number of demodulators 1 dual-phase (X, Y, R, Θ) 4 dual-phase, requires MF-MD option
Demodulator inputs Signal Inputs (V/I), Auxiliary Inputs, Auxiliary Outputs, Trigger Inputs
Filter time constant 337 ns to 83 s
Filter bandwidth (-3 dB) 276 μHz – 206 kHz (4th order filter)
Harmonics 1 – 1023
Filter slope 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 42, 48 dB/oct
Additional filtering Sinc filter
Phase resolution 10 μdeg
Frequency resolution 1 μHz
Output sample rate on Auxiliary Outputs 612 kSa/s (for each auxiliary output), 18 bit, ±10 V
Maximum transfer rate over 1 GbE 200 kSa/s (all demodulators), 48-bit full range
Maximum rate to store on local USB drive 50 kSa/s (all demodulators), 48-bit full range
Trigger modes for data transfer Continuous, edge, gated
Table 3: Reference frequencies
Parameter Description
External reference frequency range 1 Hz to 500 kHz
1 Hz to 5 MHz, requires MF-F5M option
External reference input Auxiliary Inputs, Trigger Inputs, Auxiliary Outputs, Current Signal Input, Voltage Signal Input
Lock time for external reference Typically less than max(100 cycles, 1.2 ms)
Number of external references 1;
2, requires MF-MD option
Internal reference frequency range 0 to 500 kHz
0 to 5 MHz, requires MF-F5M option
Table 4: Scope
Parameter Description
Input channels Signal Inputs (V,I), Auxiliary Inputs, Auxiliary Outputs, Trigger Inputs, Trigger Outputs, Signal Output, Oscillator Phase. Demodulator R, Theta, X, Y, requires MF-DIG option
Scope modes Time domain, frequency domain (FFT)
Number display channels 1;
2, requires MF-DIG option
Trigger channels Signal Inputs (V,I), Auxiliary Inputs, Auxiliary Outputs, Trigger Inputs, Trigger Outputs. Demodulator R, Theta, X, Y, requires MF-DIG option
Trigger modes Edge
Trigger hysteresis Full input range
Pre-trigger Full sample range
Sampling rates 1.8 kSa/s to 60 MSa/s
Vertical resolution 16 bit
Maximum number of samples per shot 16 kSa; 5 MSa, requires MF-DIG option
Minimum hold time 1 ms
Bandwidth limit mode, vertical resolution increase Downsampling by averaging; increase vertical resolution up to 24 bit, requires MF-DIG option
Cursor math Location, Area, Wave, Peak, Tracking, Histogram
Table 5: Spectrum
Parameter Description
Center frequency range 0 to 500 kHz
0 to 5 MHz, requires MF-F5M option
Spectrum modes FFT(X+iY), FFT®, FFT(Θ), FFT(f) and FFT((dΘ/dt)/2π)
Statistical options Amplitude, Spectral density, Power
Averaging modes None, Exponential moving average
Maximum number of samples per spectrum 8 kSa
Maximum span 58 kHz
Window functions Rectangular, Hann, Hamming, Blackman Harris
Cursor math Location, Area, Tracking, Wave, Peak, Histogram
Table 6: Sweeper
Parameter Description
Sweep parameters Oscillator frequency, Demodulator phase, Auxiliary Offset, Signal Output Offset, etc.
Parameter sweep ranges Full range, Linear and Logarithmic
Parameter sweep resolution Arbitrary, defined by start/stop value and number of sweep points
Display parameters Demodulator Output (X, Y, R, Θ, f), Auxiliary Input
Display options Single Plot, Dual Plot (e.g. Bode Plot), Multi-trace
Statistical options Amplitude, Spectral density, Power
Preset measurement modes Parameter sweep, Noise amplitude measurement, Frequency response analyzer, 3-Omega-Sweep
Table 7: MF-IA Impedance Analyzer option
Parameter Description
Frequency range DC to 500 kHz
DC to 5 MHz, requires MF-F5M option
Basic accuracy 0.05% (1 mHz to 500 kHz)
Basic temperature stability <200 ppm/K
Test signal level 0 to 2.1 Vrms with monitoring
Bandwidth 276 μHz to 206 kHz
DC bias signal level ±10 V (2 Terminal); ±3 V (4 Terminal)
Compensation methods SO, SOL, LLL, SL, L, OL
Impedance Z: range; basic accuracy 1 mΩ to 1 TΩ; 0.05%
Admittance Y: range; basic accuracy 1 pS to 1 kS; 0.05%
Resistance Rs, Rp: range; basic accuracy 1 mΩ to 10 GΩ; max(10 μΩ, 0.05%)2
Capacitance Cs, Cp: range; basic accuracy 10 fF to 1 F; max(10 fF, 0.05%)2
Inductance Ls, Lp: range; basic accuracy 100 nH to 1 H; max(10 nH, 0.05%)2
DC Resistance RDC: range; basic accuracy 1 mΩ to 10 GΩ; 2%
Reactance X: range; basic accuracy 1 mΩ to 10 GΩ; 0.05%
Conductance G: range; basic accuracy 1 nS to 1 kS; max(100 nS, 0.05%)
Susceptance B: range; basic accuracy 1 nS to 1 kS; max(100 nS, 0.05%)
Loss coefficient D: range 10-4 to 104
Q factor: range 10-4 to 104

2 Accuracy valid if parameter is the dominant value of the circuit representation.

Table 8: Voltage Signal Inputs
Parameter Description
Connectors 2 BNC on front panel, single-ended or differential
Shield connectivity Floating or ground
Maximum float voltage versus ground ±1 V
Input impedance 50 Ω and 10 MΩ 27 pF for range ≥300 mV; 40 pF for range ≤100 mV
Input frequency range DC to 500 kHz;
DC to 5 MHz, requires MF-F5M option
Input A/D conversion 16 bit, 60 MSa/s
Input noise amplitude 2.5 nV/√Hz for frequencies > 1 kHz 7 nV/√Hz at 10 Hz 40 nV/√Hz at 1 Hz 3.3 mV input range; shorting cap on input
Input noise corner frequency Typically 100 Hz for range ≤10 mV
Input bias current Typically ±10 pA, max ±200 pA
Input full range sensitivity (10 V lock-in amplifier output) 1 nV to 3 V
Input AC ranges ±1 mV, ± mV, ±10 mV, ±30 mV, ±100 mV, ±300 mV, ±1 V, ±3 V
AC coupling cutoff frequency 1.6 Hz
Maximum DC offset for AC coupling ±10 V
Input DC ranges ±1 mV, ± mV, ±10 mV, ±30 mV, ±100 mV, ±300 mV, ±1 V, ±3 V
Input gain inaccuracy < 1% (< 2 MHz); for higher frequencies limited by analog input filter
Analog input filter (anti-aliasing) 1 dB suppression at 5 MHz, 3 dB at 12 MHz; 3rd order roll-off
Input amplitude stability 0.1%/°C
Input offset amplitude < max(0.5 mV, 1% of range)
Dynamic reserve Up to 120 dB
Harmonic distortion (typical) –80 dBc for frequencies ≤100 kHz, –65 dBc for frequencies ≤5 MHz; carrier amplitude –1 dBFS
Harmonic distortion (loopback, maximum) –70 dBc for frequencies <200 kHz, –55 dBc for frequencies <2 MHz, –50.2 dBc for frequencies ≥ 2MHz; input range 3 mV, output range 10 mV.
–72 dBc for frequencies <200 kHz, –55 dBc for frequencies <2 MHz, –50.2 dBc for frequencies ≥ 2MHz; input range 10-300 mV, output range 100-1000 mV.
–72 dBc for frequencies <200 kHz, –50.2 dBc for frequencies <2 MHz, –46 dBc for frequencies ≥ 2MHz; input range 3 V, output range 10 V.
Coherent pickup < –140 dB for frequencies ≤5 MHz and 50 Ω input impedance; < –180 dB for frequencies ≤100 kHz and 50 Ω input impedance
Table 9: Current Signal Input
Parameter Description
Connector BNC on front panel, float/ground
Shield connectivity Floating or ground
Maximum float voltage versus ground ±1 V
Input impedance see table_title
Input frequency range 0 to 500 kHz
0 to 5 MHz, requires MF-F5M option
Input A/D conversion 16 bit, 60 MSa/s
Input leakage current ±10 pA
Input full range sensitivity (10 V lock-in amplifier output) 10 fA to 10 mA
Input gain inaccuracy < 1% (for frequencies below 10% of the input bandwidth)
Input offset amplitude 1% of range
Input offset voltage ±2.2 mV max; to shield of current input BNC connector
Dynamic reserve up to 120 dB
Coherent pickup < 90 GΩ for frequencies ≤5 MHz and 100 μA input range < 140 TΩ for frequencies ≤100 kHz and 10 nA input range
Table 10: Current Signal Input: input ranges, transimpedance gain, bandwidth, input impedance, noise
Current input range Transimpedance gain Bandwidth (–3 dB) Input impedance at DC Input noise
10 mA 100 V/A 5 MHz 50 Ω 300 pA/√Hz at 100 kHz
1 mA1 1 kV/A 5 MHz 50 Ω 200 pA/√Hz at 100 kHz
100 μA 10 kV/A 5 MHz 60 Ω 3.5 pA/√Hz at 100 kHz
10 μA1 100 kV/A 5 MHz 60 Ω 2.5 pA/√Hz at 100 kHz
1 μA 1 MV/A 450 kHz 1 kΩ 200 fA/√Hz at 1 kHz
100 nA1 10 MV/A 450 kHz 1 kΩ 150 fA/√Hz at 1 kHz
10 nA 100 MV/A 2 kHz 160 kΩ 20 fA/√Hz at 100 Hz
1 nA1 1 GV/A 2 kHz 160 kΩ 15 fA/√Hz at 100 Hz

1 Range only available on MF Instruments with serial numbers MF-DEV3200 and higher.

Table 11: Signal Output
Parameter Description
Connectors 2 BNC on front panel, single ended and differential
Output impedance 50 Ω
Output frequency range DC to 500 kHz
DC to 5 MHz (with MF-F5M option)
Output frequency resolution 1 μHz
Output phase range ±180°
Output phase resolution 10 μdeg
Differential outputs Sine waves shifted by 180°
Output D/A conversion 16 bit, 60 MSa/s
Output amplitude ranges ±10 mV, ±100 mV, ±1 V, ±10 V (single ended into high impedance)
Output DC offset range ±10 mV to ±10 V, equal to the set output amplitude range
Output power 24 dBm (±10 V, 250 mW), for each BNC
Output gain inaccuracy < 1% at 100 kHz for all output ranges
Maximum output drive current 100 mA
Output offset amplitude ±1 mV or 1% of range, whichever is bigger
Harmonic distortion (typical) –85 dBc for frequencies <200 kHz, –60 dBc for frequencies <2 MHz, –55 dBc for frequencies <5 MHz; output range ≤1 V.
–80 dBc for frequencies <200 kHz, –50 dBc for frequencies <2 MHz, –45 dBc for frequencies <5 MHz; output range 10 V.
measured with carrier amplitude –1 dBFS, 50 Ω load, single-ended.
Analog adder Auxiliary Input 1 can be added to the signal output , ±10 V, DC–2 MHz
Table 12: Signal Output: voltage noise, ranges
Output range Output noise density (high load impedance setting) RMS output noise at 12 MHz bandwidth
10 mV 43 nV/√Hz 145 μVrms
100 mV 43 nV/√Hz 145 μVrms
1 V 48 nV/√Hz 161 μVrms
10 V 104 nV/√Hz 310 μVrms
Table 13: Auxiliary Inputs
Parameter Description
Connectors 2 BNC on the front panel
A/D converter 16 bit, 15 MSa/s
A/D analog bandwidth 5 MHz
Input impedance 1 MΩ
Amplitude ±10 V
Input noise amplitude 430 nV/√Hz; frequency > 100 kHz
Resolution 0.335 mV
Table 14: Auxiliary Outputs
Parameter Description
Connectors 4 BNC on the front panel
D/A converter 18 bit, 612 kSa/s
D/A analog bandwidth 200 kHz
Output impedance 50 Ω
Amplitude ±10 V
Resolution < 85 μV
Drive current 20 mA
Noise density 210 nV/√Hz into high-impedance load; frequency > 1 kHz
RMS noise 90 µVrms into high-impedance load; measurement bandwidth 12 MHz
Table 15: Trigger Inputs
Parameter Description
Connectors 2 BNC on the back panel
Trigger input impedance 1 kΩ
Frequency range external reference 1 Hz to 500 kHz;
1 Hz to 5 MHz, requires MF-F5M option
Trigger amplitude range ±5 V
Minimum pulse width 35 ns
Trigger level ±5 V, 3.66 mV resolution
Trigger hysteresis < 20 mV
Table 16: Trigger Outputs
Parameter Description
Connectors 2 BNC on the back panel
Trigger output impedance 50 Ω
Frequency range external reference 1 μHz to 500 kHz;
1 μHz to 5 MHz, requires MF-F5M option
Trigger amplitude 5 V
Table 17: 10 MHz clock synchronization
Parameter Description
Connectors 2 BNC, 10 MHz clock input and output on the back panel
10 MHz input, impedance 50 Ω
10 MHz input, frequency range 9.98 to 10.02 MHz
10 MHz input, amplitude range 200 mV to 3 V
10 MHz output, impedance 50 Ω
10 MHz output, amplitude Typically 1 Vpp into 50 Ω, sinusoidal
Table 18: Internal frequency reference
Parameter Description
Type TCXO
Initial accuracy < ±1.5 ppm
Long term accuracy/aging < ±1 ppm in the first year
Short term stability (0.1 s) < 2·10-10
Temperature coefficient 0.05 ppm/°C (@23°C)
Phase noise at 1 kHz –140 dBc/Hz
Phase noise at 10 kHz –150 dBc/Hz
Table 19: Connectivity and others
Parameter Description
Host connection LAN, 1 GbE; USB 2.0, 480 Mbit/s
Internal drive data storage capacity 4.5 GB
USB host 2 connectors on the back panel for mass storage or WLAN modules
DIO, digital I/O 4 x 8 bit, general purpose digital input/output port, 3.3 V TTL VHDCI 68 pin female connector
Table 20: Maximum ratings
Parameter Lower Upper
Damage threshold Current Signal Input I –5 V + 5 V
Damage threshold Voltage Input +V/-V Diff –5 V +5 V
Damage threshold Signal Output +V/-V –12 V +12 V
Damage threshold Aux Input 1,2 –12 V +12 V
Damage threshold Aux Outputs 1,2,3,4 –12 V +12 V
Damage threshold Clock 10 MHz In/Out –5 V +5 V
Damage threshold Trigger Out 1,2 –1 V +6 V
Damage threshold Trigger In 1,2 –8 V +8 V
Damage threshold DIO 32 bit –1 V +6 V
Damage threshold DC In 0 V 26 V
Table 21: LabOne UI requirements
Parameter Description
Operating systems Any, web browser based
Input device Touch screen, keyboard, mouse
CPU 2+ cores, hardware accelerated rendering on browser
Browser Edge, Firefox, Chrome, Safari, Opera
Connectivity 1 GbE, 100 MbE, USB 2.0
Table 22: LabOne API requirements
Parameter Description
Operating systems Windows 10, 11 on x86-64
macOS 10.11+ on x86-64 and ARMv8
GNU/Linux (Ubuntu 14.04+, CentOS 7+, Debian 8+) on x86-64 and ARMv8
CPU x86-64 (Intel, AMD), ARMv8 (e.g., Raspberry Pi 4 and newer, Apple M-series)
RAM 4 GB+
Connectivity 1 GbE, 100 MbE, USB 2.0
Supported languages LabVIEW, Python, MATLAB, .NET, C/C++

The DIO port is a VHDCI 68 pin connector as introduced by the SPI-3 document of the SCSI-3 specification. It is a female connector that requires a 32 mm wide male connector. The DIO port features 32 bits that can be configured byte-wise as inputs or outputs.

Figure 1: DIO HD 68 pin connector

Table 23: DIO pin assignment
Pin Name Description Range specification
68 CLKI clock input, used to latch signals at the digital input ports - can also be used to retrieve digital signals from the output port using an external sampling clock 3.3 V LVCMOS/TTL
67 DOL DIO output latch, 60 MHz clock signal, the digital outputs are synchronized to the falling edge of this signal 3.3 V LVCMOS/TTL
66-59 DI[31:24] digital input or output (set by user) 3.3 V LVCMOS/TTL
58-51 DIO[23:16] digital input or output (set by user) 3.3 V LVCMOS/TTL
50-43 DIO[15:8] digital input or output (set by user) 3.3 V LVCMOS/TTL
42-35 DIO[7:0] digital input or output (set by user) 3.3 V LVCMOS/TTL
34-30 - do not connect, for internal use only -
29-1 GND digital ground -

The figure below shows the architecture of the DIO input/output. The DIO port features 32 bits that can be configured byte-wise as inputs or outputs by means of a drive signal. The digital output data is latched synchronously with the falling edge of the internal clock, which is running at 60 MHz. The internal sampling clock is available at the DOL pin of the DIO connector. Digital input data can either be sampled by the internal clock or by an external clock provided through the CLKI pin. A decimated version of the input clock is used to sample the input data. The Decimation unit counts the clocks to decimation and then latches the input data. The default decimation is 3e6, corresponding to a digital input sampling rate of 20 samples per second.

Figure 2: DIO input/output architecture

Performance Diagrams

Input noise amplitude depends on several parameters, and in particular on the frequency and on the input range setting. The input noise is lower for smaller input ranges, and it is recommended to use small ranges especially for noise measurements. Figure 3 shows the noise density of the voltage input with DC coupling. The input noise with AC coupling is the same as long as the frequency is higher than the AC cutoff frequency (see ). The noise is independent of the input impedance setting, 50 Ω or 10 MΩ. The corner frequency of the 1/f noise is in the range of 100 Hz and the white-noise floor is typically 2.5 nV/√Hz for the smallest input ranges.

Figure 3: MFLI Voltage Input voltage noise density

A note on input voltage noise and AC coupling. The input voltage noise will increase at low frequencies, when using AC coupling at the signal input of the MFLI. For example, the input voltage noise of the 10 mV input range is around 10 nV/√Hz at a frequency of 10 Hz, as shown in the figure above. When switching on AC coupling, the noise increases to around 75 nV/√Hz. The reason is that the 10nF AC coupling capacitor has an impedance of 1.6 MΩ at 10 Hz. Together with the 10 MΩ input bias resistor of the MFLI input amplifier, you get the increased noise density. To work around this problem, use DC coupling for the signal input. An external large capacitor may be employed if AC coupling must be used.

Figure 4 shows the noise density of the current input. The frequency range of the measurements for the smaller input ranges is limited by the bandwidth of these ranges as specified in .

Figure 4: MFLI Current Input current noise density

Figure 5 shows the SSB phase noise measured at the signal output. For this measurement, the signal output was connected to a phase noise analyzer and the output amplitude was set to 5 V. The measured phase noise at 5 MHz and 10 kHz offset is around -153 dBc/Hz.

Figure 5: MFLI phase noise

Figure 6 shows the noise density of the voltage output into 50 Ω. For high-impedance loads, the voltage noise levels in the figure need to be doubled. The output noise was measured with no signal and 0 V offset. For the ranges 10 mV and 100 mV, the voltage noise is basically identical with a flat-band noise level of 14.5 nV/vHz at 100 kHz into 50 Ω. For high-impedance loads, the value would be around 29 nV/√Hz. The 10 V range shows the largest noise with 34.5 nV/√Hz at 100 kHz. The corner frequency of the 1/f noise is in the range of 10 to 20 kHz.

Figure 6: MFLI Signal Output voltage noise density